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About the Author

George Henry Lewes was a prominent English philosopher, critic, and literary figure of the 19th century. He was born on April 18, 1817, in London, England, and died on November 30, 1878, in London.

Lewes received a formal education at Dr. Burney’s school in Greenwich but largely educated himself through extensive reading. He began his career as a journalist and soon gained recognition for his literary criticism, particularly his insightful reviews of contemporary literature and theater.

Lewes was deeply interested in philosophy and science, and he made significant contributions to both fields. He wrote extensively on topics such as psychology, aesthetics, ethics, and the philosophy of science. His works often emphasized the importance of scientific inquiry and rationalism in understanding human nature and society.

In addition to his literary and philosophical pursuits, Lewes was also known for his personal life. He entered into a relationship with the novelist George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans) in the 1850s, despite both being married to other people at the time. Their relationship was unconventional for the Victorian era but was characterized by intellectual companionship and mutual respect. Lewes and Eliot lived together in a committed partnership until his death.

One of Lewes’s notable works is “Science and Speculation,” published in 1858, which explores the relationship between science and philosophy. He also authored biographies of influential figures such as Robespierre and Goethe.

Throughout his life, Lewes was a central figure in the intellectual and literary circles of Victorian England. His writings continue to be studied and appreciated for their insights into literature, philosophy, and science.